After watching the video segment called "Medical Crisis in Africa", have students discuss what they learned. Were they surprised by the facts presented? What people or stories made the biggest impact on them? What are some reasons that AIDS has had such a devastating and far-reaching effect in Africa? What are some challenges that health-care workers face in treating all those affected by AIDS? Why does the disease continue to spread?
Talk about the ways that AIDS is affecting children in Africa. (Many are born with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Many lose parents, aunts, uncles, and other family members to AIDS.)
Tell the class that they are going to learn more about children in Africa who are affected by AIDS. Working with a partner, students will read an article on this topic, summarize what they learned, and then create a poster with images, excerpts, quotes, and data. Since this is such a timely topic, students can find a wealth of articles in recent newspapers, magazines, or Web sites. You may also choose to use some of the articles listed below, or use the Web sites as a starting point.
Although each pair of students should read the same article, have them read their article and address the issues below on their own.
When students have answered the questions above, have them share their answers with their partners. Then have the partners create a small poster inspired by the article. Their poster should include an excerpt, one fact or piece of data, a quote, and an image (sketched, copied, or printed from the article). If they would like additional statistics for their article, share the following website: Worldwide HIV & AIDS Orphans Statistics
Have students present and hang their posters. You may also want to encourage kids to take action by raising awareness in their school or raising money to donate to causes devoted to children affected by AIDS in Africa. For a list of organizations devoted to the fight against AIDS in Africa, go to: http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-africa.htm
For the "School for Girls" segment: As a class, compare the school in Tanzania to your own school. What subjects are taught in both schools? What subjects are not taught in your school? On the board, draw a web or "wheel" to show the impact of the school in Tanzania. Put the school in the middle of the web, surrounded by all the people and places that benefit from the school. Then have students describe in writing how your school affects the lives of the students, their families, and your community.
For the "Living on the Forest's Edge" segment: Discuss the problem of deforestation in Ghana. What natural resource is being lost? What are some products that are being sold and exported? Who is primarily responsible for cutting down the forests? How does make the problem more challenging? Why do the farmers have to move every two to three years? As a class, learn more about the effects of slash-and-burn agricultural practices. Divide students into three groups, and have them research one of three sets of questions: 1) What is slash and burn? Why is it done? Where is it done? 2) What impact does it make on the environment? How does it affect the people who do it? 3) What can be done to prevent this practice? What can be done to improve the land that's been affected by this practice?
For the "Oil vs. Soil" segment: Talk about the ways that oil drilling is affecting the environment and people in Nigeria. Besides unsafe drilling practices, oil spills are also polluting the land. Ask students to research one major oil spill and record important facts, such as when, where, and why it happened, as well as how it affected the environment and the wildlife, and what steps were taken to clean up after the disaster. Students will find background at the following Web sites:
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)
Definition: A virus that causes AIDS; this virus severely damages the immune system by infecting and destroying certain white blood cells.
Context: A person who tests positive for HIV does not necessarily have AIDS.
The National Council for Geographic Education(NCGE) provides 18 national geography standards that the geographically informed person knows and understands. To view the standards online, go tohttp://www.ncge.org.
This lesson plan addresses the following NCGE standards:
The National Council for the Social Studies(NCSS) has developed national standards to provide guidelines for teaching social studies. To become a member of the NCSS, or to view the standards online, go tohttp://www.socialstudies.org.
This lesson plan addresses the following thematic standards: