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Animal AlphabetAnimal-Alphabet

  • Subject: Reading
  • |
  • Grade(s): K-5
  • |
  • Duration: 1-2 class periods

Lesson Plan Sections

Objectives


Students will
  • Recite the alphabet and identify the sounds each letter makes.
  • Understand that printed letters represent spoken language.
  • Identify the names of animals that begin with particular letter sounds and draw pictures to represent these living creatures.

Materials


  • Animal Alphabet video
  • Crayons
  • Pencils and erasers
  • White construction paper, 1 sheet per student
  • Dry erase board and marker or butcher paper and marker, 1 per student group
  • Print resources with pictures of different animals

Procedures


Review the alphabet with the class, letter by letter. What sounds does each letter make? Have the class watch Animal Alphabet to identify the letters, their sounds, and animals whose names begin with each letter.

1. Tell the class that they will make an alphabet book, similar to the program. Divide the class into groups of 4 to 6, depending on how many adults (student teachers, parent volunteers, instructional assistants, classroom helpers) can help in the classroom. Have each adult ask a group to recite the alphabet and review the sounds of each letter.
2. Then have adults assign each student a particular letter to work on for the book. Coordinate to make sure that all the letters are covered by at least one student in the class with as few duplicates as possible.
3. Next, have adults go over the letters assigned to their group and the sounds each one makes. They can demonstrate how to write the letters either on the board or butcher paper so the students can refer to them.
4. The adults should discuss animal names that begin with their assigned letters. They can show print resources with pictures and talk about the features of these animals and where they live. They should refer to animals featured in Animal Alphabet.
5. Once adults are satisfied that each student can identify their assigned letter, the sounds it makes, and animal names beginning with the letter, they will give each student a piece of construction paper and crayons. Students will draw pictures of appropriate animals. If possible, have students write the letters on the drawing. More advanced students can write the names of the animals.
6. Adults should discuss the drawings with the students as they are working. Have them assess each student's letter comprehension.
7. Bind the completed drawings in an alphabet book to share with the class, asking students to identify the letters and the animals. Talk about the animals, pointing out unique features and discussing which ones are insects, mammals, and reptiles.

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Evaluation


Use the following three-point rubric to evaluate students' work during this lesson.
  • Three points:  Students were highly engaged in class and group discussions; clearly identified all the letters of the alphabet and their sounds; and created colorful and unique drawings that demonstrated a solid understanding of a particular letter and its sounds.
  • Two points:  Students participated in class and group discussions; adequately identified most of the letters of the alphabet and their sounds; and created somewhat colorful and unique drawings that demonstrated a basic understanding of a particular letter and its sounds.
  • One point:  Students participated minimally in class and group discussions; were unable to identify most of the letters of the alphabet and their sounds; and created incomplete drawings that did not demonstrate a basic understanding of a particular letter and its sounds.

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Vocabulary


alphabet
Definition: An ordered set of letters or symbols used to represent the basic speech sounds of a language
Context: Let's learn about animals from A to Z: This is the animal alphabet.

animal
Definition: A living organism that can move on its own and has specialized sense organs and nervous system
Context: The world is a big place, full of animals to discover everyday.

insect
Definition: A small invertebrate animal with six legs and a body divided into three segments
Context: Ants are tiny insects.

mammal
Definition: A warm-blooded animal that has hair or fur, produces milk, and bears young
Context: Dolphins are mammals, although they may look like fish.

reptile
Definition: A cold-blooded vertebrate animal of a class that includes snakes, crocodiles, turtles, and tortoises
Context: The crocodile belongs is a reptile.

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Academic Standards


Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL)
McREL's Content Knowledge: A Compendium of Standards and Benchmarks for K-12 Education addresses 14 content areas. To view the standards and benchmarks, visit:
http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/browse.asp

This lesson plan addresses the following national standards:

  • Language Arts?Viewing: Uses viewing skills and strategies to understand and interpret visual media: Understands the main idea or message in visual media (e.g., pictures, cartoons, weather reports on television, newspaper photographs, visual narratives)
  • Language Arts?Reading: Uses the general skills and strategies of the reading process: Understands that print conveys meaning (i.e., knows that printed letters and words represent spoken language)

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