After watching the video, ask students to describe how Rome was ruled under the Etruscans. (It was a monarchy, ruled by kings.) When the last Etruscan king was overthrown, what type of government was adopted? (a republic) Remind students the Roman Republic is different from the Roman Empire, in which emperors ruled Rome. You may want to show the three periods on a simple timeline:
|753 BC to 509 BC||Roman Monarchy|
|509 BC to 27 BC||Roman Republic|
|27 BC to AD 476||Roman Empire (in West)|
Ask the class to describe the republic, using what they learned in the video. (In a republic, the government is ruled by laws and elected officials.) Give students the following facts about the Roman Republic:
Explain that much of what we know about the history of early Rome and the Roman Republic comes from two historians who lived during the republic, Polybius and Livy. Have students read Polybius' description of the Roman constitution to learn more about the government of the republic. In this description, he discusses the three main divisions of government:
A helpful guide can be found at this link:
Have students write a brief essay describing the powers and limitations of the three divisions of government in the Roman Republic. Ask students to include at least three quotes from Polybius' writing. Their essays should end with a brief comparison of the United States' government and that of the Roman Republic.
Definition: Annually elected heads of the Roman Republic
Context: Two consuls oversaw the early Roman Republic; in later years, there were more.
Definition: The second-largest religion in the world, founded 1400 years ago by the prophet Muhammad
Context: The word "Islam" means submission to God in Arabic.
Definition: The principal unit of the Roman army comprising 3000 to 6000 foot soldiers with cavalry
Context: The Roman legions were highly disciplined and would fight to the death to defend Rome's liberty.
Definition: A government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law
Context: The overthrow of King Tarquin led to the establishment of the Roman Republic.
Definition: A government body made of a group of men; organized to represent the people and create laws for the Roman Republic.
Context: All the senators were wealthy men, since they were the only ones allowed to vote.
Definition: The ruler or king of a Muslim country.
Context: Suleiman was sultan of the Ottoman Empire during its golden age.
This lesson plan addresses the following national standards:
The National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS)
NCSS has developed national guidelines for teaching social studies. To become a member of NCSS, or to view the standards online, go tohttp://www.socialstudies.org/standards/strands/.
This lesson plan addresses the following thematic standards: