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Pendemonium: The Italian Job: Roots, Prefixes, And Suffixes Pendemonium-The-Italian-Job-Roots-Prefixes-And-Suffixes?

  • Subject: Grammar
  • |
  • Grade(s): K-5
  • |
  • Duration: 1 class period

Lesson Plan Sections

Student Objectives


  • Identify prefixes, roots, and suffixes.
  • Analyze word parts to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words.
  • Explain the development process in defining unfamiliar words.

Materials


  • Pendemonium: The Italian Job video
  • 5 x 8 blank note cards, 5 per student
  • Blue, black, and red pens
  • Dictionaries

Procedures


  1. After viewingPendemonium: The Italian Job , explain that students will use prefixes, suffixes, and roots to help them discover the meanings of unfamiliar words.
  2. On the board, display the following formula: prefix + root + suffix. Write "prefix" in red, "root" in black, and "suffix" in blue. Refer to the video and explain that prefixes are found at the beginning of a word, roots are in the middle, and suffixes are at the end.
  3. Next, write "recycling" on the board in black. Have students identify its root, prefix, and suffix. Below recycling, write "re" in red, "cycl" in black, and "ing" in blue. Discuss the meaning of each word part and write its definition in the same color. Therefore, write "do over" in red beneath "re" and below "cycle" place "circle" in black. "Present tense of verb" is below "ing."
  4. Ask students to create an informal definition of recycling based on its prefix, root, and suffix. Explain that informal definitions use clues such as word parts, context, and the students' prior knowledge. Student definitions may include using something over again or using something in a different way.
  5. Have students check their responses by looking up the word in their dictionaries. Write the definition of recycling below its word parts.
  6. Create a simple diagram that clearly shows the meaning of recycling.
  7. Have students brainstorm unfamiliar words from a current reading selection, social studies text, science lesson, or newspaper. Write students' responses on the board.
  8. Then distribute five index cards to each student.
  9. Ask students to select five words listed on the board. Students will complete the following steps for each word:
    • Write the entire word at the top of the index card.
    • Divide the word into its prefix, root, and suffix. Write the prefix in red, root in black, and suffix in blue.
    • Create an informal definition for the word. Use a dictionary to check the definition. Write the informal definition.
    • Illustrate the meaning of the word.
  10. Ask each student to share one word card with the class and explain how he or she developed the word's definition and illustration.
  11. Discuss the differences and similarities between students' word cards, especially those that highlight words with multiple meanings.
  12. Use a variety of student cards to create a bulletin board display about prefixes, suffixes, and roots.

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Assessment


Use the following three-point rubric to evaluate students' work during this lesson.
  • 3 points:  Students identified the prefixes, suffixes, and roots of five words, created comprehensive meanings and illustrations of self-selected unfamiliar words, and explained fully the development process in defining unfamiliar words.
  • 2 points:  Students identified the prefixes, suffixes, and roots of three or four words, created basic meanings and illustrations of self-selected unfamiliar words, and explained the development process in defining unfamiliar words.
  • 1 point:  Students identified the prefixes, suffixes, and roots of two or less words, were unable to create basic meanings and illustrations of self-selected unfamiliar words, and could not explain the development process in defining unfamiliar words.

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Vocabulary


coliseum, or Colosseum
Definition: A large amphitheater for public events such as athletic games, concerts, or plays; also Colosseum, an amphitheater in Rome built around A.D. 80
Context: Thousands of cheering fans filled the coliseum to watch the exciting football game.

gladiator
Definition: A person who fought to entertain audiences during Roman times
Context: The audience jumped to its feet when the gladiator dropped his sword.

Latin
Definition: The language spoken by the ancient Romans
Context: Since in Latin "cent" means hundred and "ped" means feet, does a centipede caterpillar have one hundred feet?

prefix
Definition: A part that is added at the beginning of a word
Context: The prefix "non" completely changes a root word to mean its opposite.

root
Definition: The essential part of a word that provides the basis of its meaning
Context: The root word of geology, or "geo," means "earth" in Latin.

suffix
Definition: A part that is added at the end of a word
Context: The suffix "ed" in "walked" or "ing" in "running" helps show when something happened.

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Academic Standards


Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL)
McREL's Content Knowledge: A Compendium of Standards and Benchmarks for K-12 Education addresses 14 content areas. To view the standards and benchmarks, visithttp://www.mcrel.org/compendium/browse.asp.
This lesson plan addresses the following national standards:
  • Language Arts: Viewing—Uses viewing skills and strategies to understand and interpret visual media; Writing: Uses grammatical and mechanical conventions in writing compositions; Reading: Uses general rules and strategies of the reading process

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